Doping testing is an activity that is strictly specified in the International Standard for Testing and Investigations. Urine, blood or both are collected as test samples. Doping testing takes place both in competitions and out of competitions.
There are two types of doping tests: in-competition tests and out-of-competition tests. An athlete can be testing at any time and anywhere, either in their home country or abroad.
In-competition tests refer to doping tests performed in connection with a competition event. Unless otherwise specified in the rules of the international or another relevant anti doping organisation, this refers to a period starting 12 hours prior to the competition and ending at the end of the competition and the related collection of samples.
All known doping substances and methods and any manipulation of the sample are tested from samples collected in connection with competitions.
The athletes are drawn or ordered to undergo testing based on ranking, for example, or chosen for it as specified in the competition rules of the sport. The athletes can also be ordered to take the test by name in the in-competition tests.
Targeted doping tests are also carried out outside of competitions. Athletes are chosen for out-of-competition tests in a targeted manner or by drawing the athletes to be tested during the training of a certain group or athletes on a camp. In targeted tests. Targeted tests are mainly carried out for testing pool and national team athletes, however, target any athlete bound by the anti doping code for testing, both in-competition and out-of-competition.
Doping tests consist of taking a urine sample or a blood sample or both. A blood sample does not replace a urine test, because it concerns primarily different substances and different methods.
Doping control is most often carried out based on urine tests. The urine sample is used in analyzing the use of prohibited substances and methods.
Blood samples may be taken for identifying prohibited substances and methods, for screening or as a part of long-term monitoring in order to create an athlete's personal profile.
Sample collection process:
1. Athlete selection: The athlete is selected to give sample at anytime and anywhere.
2. Notification: The athlete will be notified by the Doping Control Officer of his / her selection and the DCO will clarify the rights and responsibilities of the athlete.
3. Reporting to doping control station: You must go immediately to DCS, and the Doping Control Officer may permit the athlete to delay access to the DCS only under certain conditions.
4. Sample collection equipment Selection: The athlete has the right to choose from sealed sample collection equipment.
5. Providing sample: The athlete will be asked to providing urine (90 milliliters) or blood sample.
6. Sample division: The sample will be divided into two "A" and "B" bottles.
7. Closure of the samples: The athlete well close the bottles "A" and "B" as directed by the Doping Control Officer.
8. Specific gravity Measurement: The Doping Control Officer shall measure the specific gravity of the sample to ensure that it is not dilute and is not valid for analysis.
9. Completion of DCF: Athletes have the right to disclose their comments regarding their doping session. And ensure that all information is correct, including the sample number, and the athlete receives a copy of his / her doping test form.
10. Laboratory procedures: All samples are sent to the WADA accredited laboratories.
Athlete responsibilities when he/she is selected for a doping test:
1. Stay within the direct observation of DCOs in all time until the completion of the collection of samples.
2. Provide DCOs with an appropriate identity to identify himself.
3. Compliance with sampling procedures - Failure to do so may violate anti-doping rules.
4. Immediately report to the Doping Station, unless there are good reasons for delay.